Category Archives: adhiyajnah katham ko’tra 8.2

adhiyajnah katham ko’tra 8.2



adhiyajñaḥ kathaṁ ko ’tra dehe ’smin madhusūdana

prayāṇa-kāle ca kathaṁ jñeyo ’si niyatātmabhiḥ

adhiyajñaḥ – upon the fulfillment of that sacrifice to agni

kathaṁ – at the end 

ko ’tra – ruined (?)

dehe ’smin – is this body

Madhusūdana – madhusudhana

prayāṇa-kāle – the dream is of departure on a journey

ca – also

kathaṁ – at the end 

jñeyo ’si – knows that the

niyatātmabhiḥ -atma is self-governing

Full meaning:

Upon the fulfillment of that sacrifice to agni, at the end ruined is this body madhusudhana. The dream of departure on a journey, at the end knows that atma is self -governed. 

The word atma-is self governing is profound, I don’t think we would ever know the full extent of that meaning, living or dead. What does it mean a dream of departure on a journey? I want to say we have all seen at some point in our lives what the end of the body’s experience might look like on television, the feeling of leaving the body, perhaps the last dream state of the body. 

What does it say in Gita (8.2)?

Who is Adhiyajna (the spirit underlying sacrifices)? Do you have such an idea in Hinduism? This spirit that is underlying for sacrifices? Because it tells us how should a man of self-restraint meditate on the supreme being at the time of death? There are no words for meditate in the entire verse. So only a man of self-restraint can meditate and think of God at the time of death? Why would a man of self-retraint being doing this though? Prayana is departure on a journey not only used as at the time of death. Where is “kah” from? The verse does not start with O slayer of madhu. So it is also saying this slayer of Madhu is the adhiyana (the spirit underlying sacrifices)? I do not understand this meaning.